A nonprofit publication of the Kentucky Center for Public Service Journalism

John Schaaf: U.S. Court of Appeals upholds state ethics law, sends strong signal to states, Congress

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit recently put its stamp of approval on Kentucky’s legislative ethics law, sending a clear signal for strong public ethics laws across the nation.

Kentucky’s ethics law was challenged in a lawsuit filed by John Schickel, a state senator from Boone County.

In his lawsuit, Schickel claimed he has a right under the U.S. Constitution to accept lobbyist-funded meals, beverages, and campaign contributions, all of which are prohibited by Kentucky’s ethics law, enacted 26 years ago in the wake of the BOPTROT scandal.

Schickel lost his lawsuit in a unanimous decision by a panel of judges appointed by Presidents G.W. Bush, Carter, and Trump.

The federal court ruling is an important message to the other 49 states, hundreds of cities and counties, and to the U.S. Congress, that they can adopt strong ethics laws like Kentucky’s and help public officials and lobbyists avoid corruption.

In the early 1990’s, when wining, dining, trips, and cash were connected to public policy decisions, Kentucky legislators and lobbyists broke federal laws and the FBI investigated. Lives and careers were ruined, people went to prison, and public confidence in the General Assembly plunged to an all-time low.

In 1993, the remaining members of the General Assembly passed the nation’s strongest ethics law to change the culture in Frankfort, and help future generations of legislators, lobbyists, and citizens avoid the type of corruption that undermines the public’s faith in government.

Kentucky’s law bans lobbyists from giving campaign contributions to legislators and legislative candidates.

That means our state’s legislative elections do not include the outrageous money chasing that Washington D.C. lobbyists and members of Congress engage in on a year-round basis.

In 2014, the General Assembly strengthened the legislative ethics law to prohibit lobbyists from soliciting campaign contributions for legislators, prohibit PAC contributions during legislative sessions, and strictly prohibit lobbyists and their employers from paying for meals, beverages, and trips for individual legislators.

Schickel was the only one of 138 legislators to vote against the stronger ethics law.

When he lost that vote in the Legislature, Schickel went to federal court, claiming he has a constitutional right to take meals, beverages, and campaign contributions from lobbyists.

Schickel made this claim even though Kentucky taxpayers pay legislators a daily salary plus $163.90 a day, seven days a week, for meals and lodging when the General Assembly is in session. Taxpayers pay so their legislators will not have to rely on outside interests to pay their legislative expenses.

During the interim between sessions, Schickel and all legislators receive a salary and are reimbursed for meals, mileage, and lodging for each day they attend a legislative meeting, plus they receive $1,788.51 per month to pay for other legislative expenses. Also, Schickel and 137 others have won legislative elections without receiving campaign money from lobbyists who are paid to influence them on public policy.

In response to Schickel’s lawsuit, Kentucky taxpayers have paid $37,000 (and more if Schickel appeals) for the Attorney General to defend the ethics law.

Fortunately, at this point, Schickel has lost and Kentucky’s ethics law is strengthened by the powerful ruling of the U.S. Court of Appeals that our state’s law is consistent with the United States Constitution.

For 26 years, the ethics law has helped Kentucky avoid the legislative corruption that has plagued most other states. In those years, no Kentucky legislator has been indicted or convicted for misusing his or her public office, while dozens of legislators in other states have gone to prison.

All Kentuckians can be proud of that record. In light of the federal court ruling, the U.S. Congress and state and local governments across the country can seriously consider creating new ethics laws and strengthening their current laws to help prevent corruption.

John Schaaf is Executive Director of the Kentucky Legislative Ethics Commission and his email address is John.Schaaf@LRC.ky.gov

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